As more students with low vision transition to online learning, one of the questions I have received from students and teachers alike is if I have any tips for learning to use dictation as assistive technology with low vision. While I do not use dictation as my primary input method, I have spent a lot of time learning how to use built-in dictation technology for my favorite programs and can effectively use speech-to-text to write anything from a text message to my friend to a research paper. Here are my tips for learning to use dictation as assistive technology with low vision, targeted at beginners.
Dictation is referred to by many names, including speech-to-text, speech recognition, voice typing, and voice input, among other terms. Whatever you choose to call it, dictation as assistive technology is an alternative input format where the user uses their voice to speak text and formatting information, instead of using their keyboard or another tool to input text.
Some examples of reasons someone might use dictation as assistive technology instead of a physical or digital keyboard include:
Not every person with these disabilities or conditions will necessarily prefer to use dictation as assistive technology or have these limitations. However, knowing these options are available can be beneficial for people who can benefit from using alternative input technologies.
While learning to use dictation as assistive technology can be a very detailed process, my top five tips for using dictation effectively include:
To use dictation in Windows 10, users will need to be connected to the internet. Enabling dictation is as easy as pressing a keyboard shortcut- users can press the Windows logo key + H to open the dictation toolbar, and start dictation almost immediately. Users can stop this by saying “stop dictation.”
Alternatively, users who are using tablets or touchscreen devices can tap the microphone button on their touch screen keyboard, and then tap it again to stop dictation (or say “stop dictation”).
Users will need to enable dictation within the settings menu of their Mac in order to use dictation. This can be done by going to the Apple menu, then System Preferences, then clicking Keyboard, then Dictation, and then Enable Dictation.
Users can enable dictation within any Mac app by pressing the Fn key twice and can stop it by pressing the same keyboard combination. Apple recommends that users speak for no more than 40 seconds at a time.
Select applications in Microsoft Office, including Word, PowerPoint, and OneNote have dictation available for users who prefer to speak instead of type. The dictation option can be found on the home ribbon, underneath the voice section at the end of the ribbon. Users can also use their operating system’s built-in dictation software within any Microsoft Office application.
For users on the Google Chrome browser, dictation can be enabled in Google Docs and Google Slides by clicking on the Tools section, followed by voice typing. Users will need to click the on-screen microphone button in order to turn dictation on/off and can also use their operating system’s built-in dictation software or a Google Chrome extension if they prefer to use that instead.
To enable dictation on iOS, follow these instructions:
A microphone icon will then appear on the bottom right side of the keyboard
Users do not need to manually enable dictation, as they can press the dictation key which is next to the spacebar on most keyboards.
Some examples of ways I use dictation as assistive technology include:
I love using dictation as assistive technology as a person with low vision, and while I may not use it constantly, I am glad that I know how to use it in a variety of different applications so that the option is available if I need it. I hope this post on learning to use dictation as assistive technology with low vision is helpful for others as well!
By Veronica Lewis/Veronica With Four Eyes, www.veroniiiica.com
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