Cups of seeds

Growing Plants from Seeds

In this activity students develop an understanding of the needs of a plant.

What makes a plant live or die? Is it water, sunlight, soil, or some combination of all three? Growing plants from seeds gives students an opportunity to experience the full growth cycle of the plant, and to see how different conditions can affect the outcome.

Background Information:

Science is a subject that lends itself easily to hands-on experimentation; plus, there’s nothing more thrilling than putting a seed in some dirt and watching it transform into something else entirely. It’s like magic. It can be easily done with a minimum of space, money and materials, and for that small investment, the students learn so much about living things.



Collect materials needed for planting (see list above). Discuss the scope of the project with the students, explaining the life cycle of a plant at a level appropriate to the students. Have them make a prediction (hypothesis) of what will happen if the pots of soil are put on a window sill (or under a grow lamp) and watered regularly. Write down those predictions before beginning. Mark each student’s pot with their name printed and in braille; students can then practice their braille by reading the name tags to identify their plant.

Plants ready to be sent home


  1. Go over with the students the steps you will take to plant the seeds.
  2. Put the soil into the pots using the spade or spoon. It might be best to pour the soil out into a separate tray first, to make it easier for transferring. Also, putting down newspaper first makes it easier to clean up after.
  3. Take out the seeds and have the students hold them, to understand their size and texture. Talk about the kind of seed it is and what kind of plant should grow from it.
  4. Put 2-3 seeds in each pot of soil and gently cover.
  5. Dampen the soil with the watering can, place the planted pots in the tray, and put the tray in the sun/grow lamp.
  6. Every few days, check the progress of the plants. Check the soil (with fingers) to see if it needs watering. Discuss with the students how damp the soil should fee, and how it feels if it’s too dry.
  7. Keep track of the progress of growth over 5-6 weeks. As the plants grow, have the students touch the growing plants gently; discuss what they’re feeling, how quickly they grow, how many leaves, etc.
  8. At the end of the project, students can take their plants home to plant in their own gardens.


NGSS Standards

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

seeds collage

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By PJ Durand

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