Virginia E. Bishop
The collection includes correspondence, conference materials, manuscripts, publications, and documents belonging to Sherry Raynor, who was a faculty member at the Perkins School from 1979 to 1983 and the founder of the preschool program. The materials were collected by Virginia E. Bishop during research for a book on services for blind or visually impaired young children called “Mini-Step and Milestones. A History of Services for Young Children who are Blind or Visually Impaired.” Materials in the collection date from 1941 to 2005.
Erinn Rhodes, 2018
Virginia E. Bishop obtained her PhD at the University of Texas at Austin in 1985 with a thesis on the mainstreaming of visually handicapped adults. She became an Adjunct Professor at the University of Texas at Austin, Texas Tech University in Lubbock, and Stephen F. Austin University in Nacogdoches. She was the recipient of the 1996 Berthold Lowenfeld Award from the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired. She has numerous publications focused on services for blind or visually impaired children including Teaching the Visually Limited Child (1971), Teaching Visually Impaired Children (3rd edition 2004), and Mini-steps and milestones: a history of services for young children who are blind or visually impaired (2006). As a participant in the 24th International Seminar on Preschool Blind Children (2005), Bishop noted in the introduction to “Mini-steps and milestones” that the decision was made at that conference to chronicle the history of the services for blind and visually impaired children. It was through her research for this book, that she obtained the materials belonging to Sherry Raynor.
Sherry Raynor was a pioneer in education for the blind and visually impaired in the preschool and infant/toddler age range. Her work originated in Lansing, Michigan in the 1970s where she developed a preschool program for visually impaired children age 2 ½ to 5 years that combined in-home teaching and family support with a center-based school. The program had been initially supported by a federal grant and was then adopted by the Ingham Intermediate School District. Her program became a model for other programs around the US, and Michigan State University used the site to train teachers. In 1975, she established the International Seminar on Preschool Blind Children, bringing together representatives from five projects for visually handicapped children in the preschool age range. Sherry Raynor moved to Perkins in 1979 and established the preschool program. A federal grant subsequently allowed the development of the infant/toddler program for children age 0 to 3 years, and Sherry supervised this grant program as well. She remained at Perkins until 1983. Dissemination of Sherry’s training materials were initially supported by federal money as Project Outreach. In 1978, to continue to support development and sharing of materials, Sherry became one of the co-founders and first President of The International Institute for the Visually Impaired, 0-7, Inc., whose name was changed in 1984 to the Blind Children’s Fund.
American Foundation for the Blind, http://www.afb.org/store/Pages/ShoppingCart/Browsebyresult.aspx?ContributorID=83. Accessed April 20, 2018
“BCF History.” Blind Children’s Fund, http://blindchildrensfund.org/about-us/bcf-history/. Accessed April 27, 2018.
“Berthold Lowenfeld Inducted 2002.” American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. Hall of Fame Leaders and Legends of the Blindness Field, http://www.aph.org/hall/inductees/lowenfeld/. Accessed April 27, 2018.
Bishop, Virginia E. Mini-Step and Milestones. A History of Services for Young Children who are Blind or Visually Impaired. Watertown: Perkins School for the Blind, 2006.
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The collection includes correspondence, conference materials, manuscripts, publications, and documents belonging to Sherry Raynor, who was a faculty member at the Perkins School from 1979 to 1983. They were collected by Virginia E. Bishop during research for a book on services for blind or visually impaired young children. Materials in the collection date from 1941 to 2005.
Items in Series 1 pertaining to the IIVI include documents relating to the founding of the program; early VIP newsletters and news bulletins; a 1989 summary document on the background of the Blind Children’s Fund (formerly IIVI), and notes for a speech Sherry Raynor was planning in 1998. Please refer to related materials in Series 5, subseries 6.
Series 2 includes press releases from 1979 about the new preschool program at Perkins to be led by Sherry Raynor. There are also copies of The Lantern, a Perkins publication, from 1980, 1981 and 1982 with stories about the preschool program.
Series 3 are a collection of materials that were originally stored in a black binder labeled “Bert L.” The materials primarily include published and typed manuscripts of Berthold Lowenfeld (1901-1994), Director of Research for the American Foundation for the Blind from 1939 until 1949 and then Superintendent of the California School for the Blind until he retired in 1964. The series includes a bibliography of Dr. Lowenfeld’s publications. It also includes handwritten and typed communications from Dr. Lowenfeld and Polly Moor.
Series 4 includes correspondence primarily focused on Project Outreach and the first planning summary of a New England Regional meeting for Parents of Young Blind and Visually Handicapped children. There is a copy of letter sent by Polly Moor to Governor Michael Dukakis in 1986. Note that additional correspondence may also be found in other series.
Series 5 includes collections of Sherry Raynor’s items that are divided into subseries based on content. Of note are materials in subseries 3 which include type summaries of some of the early International Seminars on Preschool Blind Children and a handwritten version of the “Statement of Advocacy” drafted at the Third International Seminar (1977). A typewritten version of this Statement appears in Subseries 4. Subseries 5 consists primarily of correspondence regarding the initial incorporation of the International Institute for Visually Impaired Children, 0-7. Also included is an undated brochure for the Perkins School for the Blind Preschool Program.
Series 6 are publications and handbooks dated from 1969 to 2005. These include instructional materials for the preschool age child targeted at both the teacher and the parent and materials from Project Outreach (1978). Some copies are signed including a copy of “their special needs: an action guide to working with blind residents of mental retardation facilities” (1977) by Sally Rogow and “Handbook of Special Education: Teaching the Visually Handicapped (1986) by Theresa Abang.
Series 7 includes conference materials, primarily the conference proceedings, of a number of the key conferences on education of the visually handicapped that took place between 1976 and 1988. These proceedings include the first 3 of the International Symposium on Visually Handicapped Infants and Young Children (1981, 1983 and 1983) that was sponsored by IIVI.
The collection is housed in four boxes and is arranged in seven series, two of which have been further arranged in subseries. The contents of each series or subseries have been arranged chronologically with the exception of Series 3 and the Subseries in Series 5 which retain original order.
The following abbreviations are used:
B1:F1 = Box 1: Folder 1
ICEVH= International Council for Education of the Visually Handicapped
I.I.V.I.= International Institute for the Visually Impaired, 0-7, Inc.
NAPVI= National Association of Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
The Series are arranged as follows:
Series 1: I.I.V.I., 1973-circa 1998
Series 2: Perkins Preschool Program for the Blind, 1979-1982
Series 3: Berthold Lowenfeld manuscripts and publications, circa 1941-1984
Series 4: Correspondence, 1976-1986
Series 5: Collected Items, 1954-1995
Subseries 1: Virginia Bishop inventory, undated
Subseries 2: Retrolental fibroplasia, 1981-1985
Subseries 3: International seminar on preschool blind children, circa 1977-1990
Subseries 4: Materials for daughter, circa 1954-1965
Subseries 5: Sherry Raynor personal references, circa 1981-1986
Subseries 6: International institute for visually impaired children, circa 1977-1995
Subseries 7: TV show script, 1977
Subseries 8: International materials, circa 1978-1985
Series 6: Publications and handbooks, 1969-2005
Series 7: Conference materials, 1976-1988
Subseries 1: ICEVH quinquennial, 1982-1992
Subseries 2: North American conference, 1978
Subseries 3: International symposium, 1976
Subseries 4: International symposium (I.I.V.I), 1981-1988
Subseries 5: NAPVI, circa 1986
B1:F1: I.I.V.I., 1973-circa 1998
B1:F2: Perkins Preschool Program for the Blind, 1979-1982
B1:F3: Berthold Lowenfeld manuscripts and publications, circa 1963-1984
B1:F4: Berthold Lowenfeld manuscripts and publications, circa 1941-1980
B1:F5: Correspondence, 1976-1986
B1:F6: Virginia Bishop inventory, undated
B1:F7: Retrolental fibroplasia, 1981-1985
B1:F8: International seminar on preschool blind children, circa 1977-1990
B1:F9: Materials for daughter, circa 1954-1963
B1:F10: Materials for daughter, circa 1954-1963
B1:F11: Sherry Raynor personal references, circa 1981-1986
B1: F12: International institute for visually impaired children, circa 1977-1995
B1:F13: TV show script, 1977
B1:F14: International materials, circa 1978-1985
B2:F1: Publications and handbooks, 1969-1974
B2:F2: Publications and handbooks, 1974-1977
B2:F3: Publications and handbooks, 1978-1980
B2:F4: Publications and handbooks, 1980-1982
B2:F5: Publications and handbooks, 1986
B2:F6: Publications and handbooks, 1986-2005
B3:F1: ICEVH quinquennial, 1982
B3:F2: ICEVH quinquennial, 1987-1992
B3:F3: North American conference, 1978
B3:F4: International symposium, 1976
B3:F5: International symposium (I.I.V.I), 1981
B3:F6: International symposium (I.I.V.I), 1983
B4:F1: International symposium (I.I.V.I), 1988
B4:F2: NAPVI, circa 1986
Bishop, Virginia E.
Perkins School for the Blind.
Perkins School for the Blind--History.