Uniform Type Committee Collection

Samuel P. Hayes Research Library
Perkins School for the Blind
175 N. Beacon Street
Watertown, MA 02472

Creator: 

Perkins School for the Blind

Date Range: 
1908-1921
Call number: 
AG106
Abstract: 

The Uniform Type Committee was formed in 1905 to unify code for all English-speaking readers.  In 1913, they proposed the “Standard Dot” system, which combined Modified Braille, British Braille, and New York Point.  This collection includes correspondence, project files, and embossed test sheets from the Uniform Type Committee for Revised Braille, between the years 1908-1921.  A large amount of correspondence exists from committee members H.R. Latimer, Thomas S. Maloney, E.H. Fowler, and President of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind, Edward Allen.  An embossed book for the Uniform Type Committee, “Baby Boy” by Horace Hazeltine (1915), is also included.

Extent: 
3 linear feet, 3 boxes
Language: 
English, Braille
Processed by: 

Kalee Mitchelson, 2017

Biographical/Historical notes: 

The Uniform Type Committee, formed in 1905, agreed that there should be a single uniform code for all English-speaking readers, and that the embossed alphabets should be discontinued. The committee devised a legibility test and discovered that British braille was superior to Modified braille and New York Point.
 
In 1913, the Uniform Type Committee presented "Standard Dot," which attempted to combine the advantages of all three systems: Modified braille, British braille, and New York Point. The British, however, refused to undergo the expense and disruption of imposing yet another code, having done so only a few years earlier during the 1905 revision of British braille. "Standard Dot" was abandoned by the Uniform Type Committee.

Sources of information: 

Perkins History Museum, “Books for the Blind.” Retrieved from: http://www.perkins.org/history/legacy/books-for-the-blind

Restrictions: 
None
Credit line/Citation: 
Uniform Type Committee Collection, Perkins School for the Blind.
Scope/Contents: 

The Uniform Type Committee replaced the Tactile Print Investigating Commission in 1905 under the American Association of Workers for the Blind (AAWB), with the mission to unify code for all English-speaking readers.  Edward Allen, President of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind and Director at Perkins School for the Blind from 1907-1931, served as the representative of private embossing presses for the committee. He was also elected as part of the executive subcommittee, who met occasionally but conducted most of their work through correspondence.  The subcommittee consisted of three members: Olin H. Burritt, H.R. Latimer, and Edward Allen.  A bulk of the correspondence consists of letters from Latimer to either Allen or other members/representatives of the subcommittee and committee. 
 
This collection includes correspondence, project files, and embossed test sheets for Revised Braille from the Uniform Type Committee (1908-1921).  Correspondence includes letters to/from members Edward Allen, J.W Smith, Mary Fowler, E.H. Fowler, H.R Latimer, Thomas S. Maloney, Robert Atkinson, Charles Campbell, Robert B. Irwin, M.C. Migel, and Mary Chamberlain. Also included is an embossed book titled “Baby Boy” by Horace Hazeltine.

Arrangement: 

Series 1: Correspondence and Project Files, 1908-1921
Series 2: Correspondence and Books, 1908-1921
Series 3: Enclosed test sheets for Revised Braille, 1908-1921

Container List: 

Series 1: Correspondence and Project Files
Includes correspondence from the Uniform Type Committee, project files, and test sheets for Revised Braille. Letters are arranged chronologically within each folder. People included Edward Allen, J.W Smith, Mary Fowler, E.H. Fowler, H.R Latimer, Thomas S. Maloney, Robert Atkinson, Charles Campbell, Robert B. Irwin, M.C. Migel, and Mary Chamberlain.

B1:F1: J.W. Smith to Edward E. Allen, 1915
B1:F2: Letter from Irwin to Bryan, 1929
B1:F3: Mary Fowler to Allen, 1914
B1:F4: Marketing Mailers
B1:F5: Correspondence & Project Files, H.R. Latimer  & Edward E. Allen
B1:F6: Correspondence & Project Files, Charles Holmes, E.H. Fowler, M.C. Migel
B1:F7: Samples from A.P.H. to Allen, 1915
B1:F8: Correspondence & Project Files, Edward Allen, M.C. Migel, H.R. Latimer, Thos. S.Maloney
B1:F9: Correspondence & Project Files, H.R Latimer & Thos S. Maloney
B1:F10: Correspondence, Thomas S. Maloney to E.H. Fowler
B1:F11: Essay on New York Point, by W.B. Wait, undated
B1:F12: Correspondence, H.R. Latimer, Henry Stainsby, Susan Merwin, Robert Atkinson
B1:F13: Revised Braille, Grade 1 ½, 1919
B1:F14: Systems Comparisons & Statistics
B1:F15: Correspondence, Charles Campbell, Mary Chamberlain, E.H. Fowler
B1:F16: Revised Braille, Grade 1 ½, product lists
B1:F17: Test Sheets for Revised Braille, June, 1915, Received from Mr. Fowler, June 11, 1915, numbers 101-913
B1:F18: Test Sheets, numbers 171-731

Series II: Correspondence and Books
Embossed book for the Uniform Type Committee, 1915

1 book; “Baby Boy” by Horace Hazeltine

Series III: Embossed Test Sheets for Revised Braille
Embossed and ink-print copy of test sheets for Revised Braille, June 1915.  Received from Mr. Fowler June 11, 1915. 

Uniform Type Committee experiment sheets prior to 1913 convention, numbers 101-913, complete except for numbers 171-731

Subject Headings: 

Perkins School for the Blind.
Perkins School for the Blind--History.