Samuel P. Hayes Collection

Samuel P. Hayes Research Library
Perkins School for the Blind
175 N. Beacon Street
Watertown, MA 02472


Perkins School for the Blind, collector; Samuel P. Hayes, collector

Date Range: 
1916-1954, bulk 1940s-1950s
Call number: 

The Samuel P. Perkins Collection contains publications by and about S.P. Hayes documenting his work as a psychiatrist and his work creating the Hayes-Binet Tests of Intelligence for the Blind. It also contains correspondence and a gift in appreciation of his work. Books from his collection document related to intelligence and psychology have handwritten annotations and underlined words or passages.

3 linear feet, 1 full size, and one 1/2 size manuscript box 2 books, and 1 oversized silver tray.
Processed by: 

Original unknown, updated in 2019 by Jen Hale to include accession 2019-06. Scope and contents, detailed item list, and abstract added

Biographical/Historical notes: 

Dr. Samuel P. Hayes (1874-1958), was a consultant psychologist for Perkins School for the Blind from 1921-1940 and was resident staff psychologist and Director of Teacher Training from 1940-1958. Hayes is credited with creating the first psychological testing tool for measuring the mental ability of children with visual impairment. He adapted the Stanford-Binet testing program to create the Hayes-Binet Tests of Intelligence for the Blind in 1942, which was instrumental in demonstrating to the world that there is no significant difference in intelligence between individuals with visual impairments and those without. These tests were used in both the Lower and Upper schools at Perkins and ultimately used throughout the world. The Perkins-Binet tests succeeded the Hayes-Binet tests in 1980 but have since been taken off the market.

Sources of information: 

McGinnity, B.L., Seymour-Ford, J. and Andries, K.J. (2004) Kindergarten. Perkins History Museum, Perkins School for the Blind, Watertown, MA.

Brubaker, Robert G., 2007, pp. 1542, “Perkins-Binet Tests of Intelligence for the Blind.” A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals, Volume 3.

“Samuel P. Hayes Research Library.” The Lantern, March 1975, pp. 18-19,   Accessed 7 Aug. 2019.

“Tests and Measurements for the Blind.” The Lantern, March 15 1955, pp. 2-4, Accessed 7 Aug. 2019.

Credit line/Citation: 
Samuel P. Hayes Collection, Perkins School for the Blind.

This collection documents the writings of Perkins Psychologist Samuel P. Hayes, as well as writings about him related to intelligence testing for the blind, his influence on the field and in the case of the two letter books and an inscribed silver tray—appreciation from his colleagues. The bulk of the collection consists of publications that span the 1920s through the 1950s. The books are from Hayes personal library and cover the measurement of intelligence and psychoanalysis.


Key to Abbreviations (any names that may have been abbreviated)

B1:F1 = Box 1: Folder 1

S.P. Hayes = Samuel P. Hayes

List of series and subseries.
For a small collection, the following arrangement description may be sufficient:

2 Series, 5 boxes arranged chronologically
Series 1: Publications, 1916-1956
Series 2: Letter books, 1952, 1954
Series 3: Artifact, 1954
Series 4: S.P. Hayes Book Collection, 1916, 1924

Container List: 

Series 1: Publications, 1916-1956

Box 1

B1:F1: A mental survey of the Ohio State School for the Blind, 1916
B1:F2: The psychological monographs, 1916
B1:F3: Condensed guide for the Stanford revision of the Binet-Simon tests, 1920
B1:F4: 4th-7th Year of Research Work reprinted from the Annual Report of the Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruction of the Blind, 1920-1923
B1:F5: Publications of the research department, circa 1924, 1926
[Includes Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind]
B1:F6: The teachers forum, 1929, 1931, 1939
B1:F7: Mount Holyoke College publications by S.P. Hayes, 1936, 1938
B1:F8: Outlook for the blind ,The teachers forum, 1942, 1943, 1951
B1:F9: Journal of genetic psychology, 1944, 1945
B1:F10: Outlook for the blind ,The teachers forum and various publications, 1949, 1951
B1:F11: “A list of references upon the attempts at measuring the intelligence of blind children,” after 1949
B1:F12: A manual for the psychological examination of the adult blind, by S. P. Hayes and M. K. Bauman, 1951
B1:F13: The lantern, featuring S.P. Hayes and his work, 1955
B1:F14: A consideration of the work of S. P. Hayes in relation of the individual blind child, after 1949

Series 2: Letter Books, 1952, 1954

Box 2

B2: Bound correspondence and ephemera written to S.P. Hayes, 1952
B2: Bound correspondence and notes, written to S.P. Hayes, 1954
B2: F3: List of names engraved on silver presentation tray, 1954

Series 3: Artifact, 1954

Box 3

Large silver tray with engraved names, presented to S.P. Hayes, 1954

Series 4: S.P. Hayes Book Collection, 1916, 1924

Box 4

The Measurement of Intelligence, by Lewis M. Terman, 1916

Box 5

An Outline of Psychoanalysis by J.S. Van Teslaar, 1924

Perkins School for the Blind, except for accession 2019-06 which was donated by a relative and was formerly part of Hayes own collection of books.
Subject Headings: 

Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind.

Perkins School for the Blind.

Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind.

Achievement tests.

Blind—Intelligence testing.

Stanford-Binet Test.

Hayes, Samuel Perkins, 1874-1958.

Copyright © Perkins School for the Blind