1825-1997, bulk 1876-1936
Director’s files maintained by the Perkins School for the Blind containing correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, clippings, and publications. Collection contains correspondence to and from Julia Ward Howe, Samuel Gridley Howe, and collections related to Laura Bridgman.
6 linear feet
Molly Stothert-Maurer, 2013
This collection was processed with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access, Washington, D.C., 2012-2015.
Michael Anagnos (formerly Anagnostopoulos) was born November 7, 1837 in Papingo, Greece. Anagnos was a trustee and later second director of the Perkins School for the Blind (then Perkins Institution) from 1876 until his death in 1906. Anagnos was a friend, assistant and son-in-law to Perkins’ founding director Samuel Gridley Howe. In 1886 Anagnos was contacted by Helen Keller’s parents and recommended Anne Sullivan as teacher. He served as a mentor and friend to Sullivan, and wrote frequently about Helen Keller’s progress in the Annual Reports. Anagnos was a successful fundraiser and helped establish the first Kindergarten for the Blind in Jamaica Plain, MA in 1887.
It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Perkins School for the Blind, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.
AG9 Michael Anagnos Collection. Perkins School for the Blind Archives, Watertown, MA.
This collection contains director’s files maintained by the Perkins School for the Blind containing correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, clippings, and publications related to Michael Anagnos’ tenure as Director. Included are correspondence to and from Julia Ward Howe, Samuel Gridley Howe, and collections related to Laura Bridgman.
11 Series, 13 boxes.
- Series 1: Correspondence
- Series 2: Samuel Gridley Howe
- Subseries 1: Correspondence about the Howe Centennial Celebration sent to Miss Julia E. Burnham and Miss Gazella Bennett, members of the Howe Memorial Committee and the following invited guests in 1901
- Series 3: Laura Bridgman
- Series 4: Julia Romana Anagnos
- Series 5: Projects and Business Files, 1835-1946
- Series 6: Alumnae Association, Anagnos Memorials, Founder’s Day, Anagnos bios
- Series 7: Clippings, 1870-1940
- Series 8: Publications and Pamphlets, 1882-1941
- Series 9: Anagnos Research Materials, Ken Stuckey files, Photocopies, 1980s-1990s
- Series 10: Photographs, artifacts, and oversize items
- Series 11: Bound Scrapbooks/Clipping Volumes
Michael Anagnos Collection on Flickr
AG19 Sullivan/Keller/Anagnos Correspondence Collection (Access copies and surrogates). Perkins School for the Blind Archives, Watertown, MA.
Series 1: Correspondence
- B1:F1: Note from Samuel Gridley Howe to Anagnos signed “papa”, n. d.
- B1:F2: Copy of Letter from [M. Araparoronovlor] to unknown recipient, Greek language, 1886
- B1:F3: Letter from Henry Bernard Carpenter to Anagnos, 1889
- B1:F4: Note from L’Ecole Braille, quotes and test alphabet, using a writing frame or other mechanism, French language, 190[?]
- B1:F4a: Draft and copies of letter from Anagnos to Florence Howe Hall (his sister-in-law), 1902
- B1:F5: Letter from J. Sternheim, Societe de Patronage des Aveugles to Anagnos, 1906
- B1:F6: Copy of Anagnos correspondence with Mr. N. F. Walker, and Mr. William Wade, 1906
- B1:F7: Copy of letter from Anagnos to the librarian of Congress, 1897
- B1:F8: Letter in Greek language from [Emmanuel Kokkinos], from an organization with an owl logo, 1876
- B1:F9: Translations of letters from K. Panyayotescu (Anagnos’ uncle) and M. Anastasiu to John Parmenides, the Greek Consul at Boston, 1906
- B1:F10: Copy of letter from Anagnos to F. Wolkins with accession letter, 1883, 1925
- B1:F11: Letter from Anagnos to pupils in the Girls’ Dept. in Greek with translation, 1891
- B1:F12: Copy of letter from Anagnos to Mr. Bledsoe, School for Colored Blind and Deaf, Baltimore, 1902
Series 2: Samuel Gridley Howe
- B1:F13: Letter with transcript from Samuel Gridley Howe to N. P. Willis, 1845
- B1:F14: Clipping “An Immortal of Boston”, by W. D. Howells, unknown publication, Samuel Gridley Howe oration at corner-stone laying at the New York Institute for the Blind, 1866
- B1:F15: Letter from Julia Ward Howe to the director of a club in Greece [Ragas], thanking him/her for a condolence letter sent after the death of Samuel Gridley Howe, ca. 1876
- B1:F16: Order of St. [Sauvens], certificate in honor of Samuel Gridley Howe, Greece, n. d.
- B1:F17: Resolutions on Dr. Howe’s death, Greek language, contains 2 translations of a condolence letter to Julia Ward Howe, 1876
- B1:F18: Financial account, Howe Memorial Committee, 1901, 1902
- B1:F19: Howe Centennial Committee reports of recording secretary, five meetings, 1901
- B1:F20: Draft of address given by Julia Ward Howe at Howe Memorial, first page typed, subsequent pages possibly written by Julia Ward Howe, 1901
- B1:F21: Address given at Howe Memorial, unknown author, 1901
- B1:F21a: Manuscript about Howe Memorial proceedings, unknown author, 1901
- B1:F22: Petition to establish Day of Remembrance for Samuel Gridley Howe, Graduate association of Perkins School for the Blind, n. d.
Subseries 1: Correspondence about the Howe Centennial Celebration sent to Miss Julia E. Burnham and Miss Gazella Bennett, members of the Howe Memorial Committee and the following invited guests in 1901
- B1:F23: W. M. Crane (Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Department), J. Irving Manatt (professor of Greek at Brown University), Lily Bell (Royal Normal College), Mrs. W. T. Owen, John V. Armstrong (Superintendent, Tennessee School for the Blind), John E. Ray (North Carolina Department of Education, School for Deaf and Blind), Edward E. Allen (Principal, The Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruction of the Blind, Overbrook)
- B1:F24: J. Howard Hunter (Department of Insurance, Ontario), A. H. Dymond (Ontario Institution for the Blind), Richard Humphreys, George F. Hoar (Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate), W. H. P. Faunce (Brown University), Frank B. Sanborn (Howe biographer)
- B1:F25: Rev. Edward Everett Hale
- Note: letters appear in Proceedings at the celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe. November 11, 1901, published by the Perkins School for the Blind Alumnae Association. Available online at the Internet Archive.
Series 3: Laura Bridgman
- B1:F26: Extract from letter by Samuel Gridley Howe to Mrs. Sigourney, about Laura Bridgman, 1838
- B1:F27: Letter from Samuel Breck, President of the Inst. for the Blind, Philadelphia, to Laura Bridgman, 1850
- B1:F28: Letter from M. W. Sawyer to Mrs. Hall, about Laura Bridgman, 1889
- B1:F29: Letter from Anagnos to Prof. G. S. Hall, Berlin, Germany, 1878
- B1:F30: Transcript of Laura Bridgman’s autobiography, 1859
- B1:F30a: Housing containing extracts of letters and newspaper clippings, Folders 31-33
- B1:F31: Newspaper transcripts, extracts from letters, and notes about Laura Bridgman, 1841, 1884, 1885, n.d.
- B1:F32: Transcript from The Sunday Herald, account of Samuel Gridley Howe’s demonstration of Laura Bridgman’s knowledge for Congress, 1883
- B1:F33: Transcript of newspaper article “Early Home of Laura Bridgman”, in The Watchman, 1885
Series 4: Julia Romana Anagnos
- B1:F34-37: Correspondence (brief note to Jenny), memorial, proceedings of the Metaphysical Club, clippings, 1883, 1884, 1886, n. d.
Series 5: Projects and Business Files, 1835-1946
- B2:F38: Research Library inventory, 1835-1869
- B2:F39: Supply, inventory, and other lists, n. d.
- B2:F40: Handwritten extract from The School Journal about an incident with a fireplace/suffocation of students, 1840
- B2:F41: Entrance card, Exposition for the Blind, Paris, 1878
- B2:F42: Manuscript, Kindergarten appeal, Michael Anagnos, 1888
- B2:F43: Handwritten draft, Annual Report, Institution and Kindergarten, 1890
- B2:F44: Manuscript with pasted articles and excerpts, scrapbook, possibly draft of an Annual Report, ca. 1892
- B2:F45: Report of the Industrial Outlook Committee, 1904
- B2:F46-48: Capitol Campaign Meeting, 1903-1946
- B2:F49: Program, letter from Julia Burnham, about 38th Anniversary of Greek Independence, 1904
- B2:F50: Translation of pamphlet on Anagnos by J. L. Langworthy, 1924
- B2:F51: Petition to Perkins’ Director to publish two line type books per year, n. d.
- B2:F52: Notes sent to Mr. Anagnos on his birthday from the younger girls, n. d.
- B2:F53: Images pulled from publications, Perkins’ campus buildings, 1900, 1916, n.d.
- B2:F54: Handwritten notes, possibly by Anagnos, on Kindergarten, apparatus, teaching techniques, possibly notes for Annual Report, n. d.
Series 6: Alumnae Association, Anagnos Memorials, Founder’s Day, Anagnos bios
- B3:F55: Anagnos genealogy, 1837-1906
- B3:F56: Tribute to Anagnos, Alumnae Association, written by Miss Emilie Poulsson, 1901
- B3:F57: Anagnos poem/memorial by Clara E. Whiton Stone, widow of Col. Henry Stone (former Perkins’ trustee), n. d.
- B3:F58: Alumnae reunion, toast to Miss Bennett, 1901
- B3:F59: Perkins’ Alumnae Association Fair for the benefit of blind women materials, correspondence with Miss Swinerton, about 20 letters, 1904
- B3:F60: Perkins’ Alumnae Association Fair for the benefit of blind women materials, correspondence from Julia Ward Howe to Miss Swinerton, 1904
- B3:F61: Perkins’ Alumnae Association Fair for the benefit of blind women correspondence from Florence Howe Hall, Maud Howe Elliot, and to Miss Swinerton, about attendance and writing an article, five letters, 1904
- B3:F62: Anagnos memorial cards, ribbon, 1904, 1907, n. d.
- B3:F63: Alumnae Association materials, sketch of life at Perkins by Miss. Bennett, ca. 1912
- B3:F64: Commemorative exercises, 21st Anniversary of Kindergarten, 1913
- B3:F65: Eulogy of Anagnos by Lenna G. Swinerton on Founder’s Day, 1916
- B3:F66: Paper on Anagnos by Mr. Edward H. Clement for the unveiling of the bust of Anagnos, 1916
- B3:F67: Founder’s Day program and address given by Helen M. Abbot with bio, 1918, 1925
- B3:F68: An appreciation of Anagnos by Mary C. Moore, one of his assistants in the Girls’ Dept., 1932
- B3:F69: Julia Burnham notes on Anagnos’ interest in Alumnae Association, 1934
- B3:F70: Shorter paper on Anagnos by Anna Gardner Fish, written for Hellenic Association of Boston, 1936
- B3:F71: Biographical sketch on Anagnos by Anna Gardner Fish, 1936
- B3:F72: 50th Anniversary of the Kindergarten, 1937
Series 7: Clippings, 1870-1940
- B4:F1-24: 1870-1906
- B5:F25-48: 1906-1940
Series 8: Publications and Pamphlets, 1882-1941
- B5:F49: Education of the Blind, by Anagnos, 1882
- B5:F50: Pamphlets in Greek language, 2 copies, 1892
- B5:F51: Miss Maria Moulton, by Anagnos, 1893
- B5:F52: The Kindergarten for the Blind, by Dinah Sturgis, 1895
- B5:F53: American Association of Instructors for the Blind, Proceedings, 1896
- B5:F54: Les Frères Hauy, pamphlet with maps, in French, circa 1900
- B5:F54a: Through Education to Independence, by Anagnos, 1900
- B5:F55: Unknown publication with article by Anagnos: “Schools for the Blind must be purely Educational in view of Existing Conditions”, 1904
- B5:F56: Articles reprinted from Annual Reports and other sources on education, work, and manual training for the blind, 7 pamphlets, 1900-1906
- B5:F57: Anagnos Memorial, 1906
- B5:F58: French language publication on Valentin Hauy, 1906
- B5:F58a: Michael Anagnos 1837-1906, 1907
- B6:F59: “The Integrity of the Family a Vital Issue”, The Survey, by Joseph Lee, 1905
- B6:F60: Embossed Books, Music, Maps, Appliances and Tangible Apparatus for Use of the Blind, Howe Memorial Press, 1910
- B6:F61: Pamphlet with 3 articles: “Helps for the Mother of a Blind Child” by Amy K. Halfpenny, “The Blind Child” by F. Park Lewis, and “Suggestions for the Blind and their Friends” by Charles F. F. Campbell, 1913-1916
- B6:F62: The Greek American Review, 1917, 1918
- B6:F63: Publication with picture of Anagnos on the cover, in Greek language, 3 copies, 1923
- B6:F64: Perkins’ Centennial Exercises, 1932
- B6:F65: Michael Anagnos, by Anna Gardner Fish, 1937
- B6:F66: 50th Anniversary of the Kindergarten, pamphlet, 1937
- B6:F67: The Centenary of Michael Anagnos, a record of proceedings, 1937
- B6:F68: [Ennae], publication in Greek language, 1941
Series 9: Anagnos Research Materials, Ken Stuckey files, Photocopies, 1980s-1990s
- B7:F1-21: Article photocopies, clippings, correspondence, bios, timelines, and memorials created/compiled by Perkins’ Research Librarian Ken Stuckey, 1980s-1990s
Series 10: Photographs, artifacts, and oversize items
- 1 Photograph album with Perkins’ teachers, pupils, directors, and buildings, circa 1860
- 3 Daguerreotypes in small velvet-lined cases (in poor condition), subjects: Abby B. Carter, soon after leaving Perkins Institution, Joseph B. Smith (see school files and 9th Annual Report), and possibly Sophia B. Carter and her pupil Charles B. Coddington (label separated from image), circa 1850
- 2 medals/ribbons: one labeled “16th Biennial Convention Instructors of the Blind, Raleigh, July 1902”
- 2 Teeth, removed from Anagnos’ skull when his body was exhumed in the late 1970s. Note: “2 Teeth- Michael Anagnos. Given to Kenneth A. Stuckey in May, 1981 By Ioannis Papaioannou in Konitsa, Greece, during the Perkins Scout Trip. These teeth it was understood were taken from the skull of Michael Anagnos when his grave was opened a few years before when measurements were made for a bust of Anagnos to be placed and was placed in the village of Papingo where Anagnos was born- signed Kenneth A. Stuckey”
- 1 Gold frame
- 1 leather frame with printed picture of Anagnos
- Photographs of Anagnos, many formal portraits, prints removed from memorial publication (many duplicates), group portraits, and images of the Anagnos bust (outdoor statue)
- Wooden box with 80 tactile portrait medallions, gift from Anagnos (to Perkins?), 1900
- “Flowers from the Holy Land”, Book of photographs and pressed flowers and herbaria from Jerusalem, 1909
Box 12: (Oversize box)
- 1 Publication: “Hellenic-American Suite”, by George Alevizos, 1937
- 1 certificate of achievement, Anagnos, in Greek language, 1900
- 2 certificates of achievement, Anagnos, in French language, 1901
- 1 Embossed book (Boston Line Type): Memoir of Michael Anagnos, printed by the Howe Memorial Press, 1907
Series 11: Bound Scrapbooks/Clipping Volumes
- Volume 1: Newspaper Notices, Vol. 1, 1825-1876
- Volume 2: Newspaper Notices, Vol. 2, 1877-1906
- Volume 3: Newspaper Notices, 1882-1890
- Volume 4: Kindergarten Newspaper Notices, 1891-1906
- Volume 5: M. Anagnos, Newspaper Clippings, 1884-1908
- Volume 6: M. Anagnos, Clippings from Greek Newspapers, 1890-1907
- Volume 7: Perkins Institution Commencement Exercises, 1878-1905
- Volume 8: Michael Anagnos In Memoriam, Newspaper Clippings, 1906-1907
- Perkins School for the Blind.
- Perkins School for the Blind–History.
- Anagnos, Julia R. (Julia Romana Howe), 1844-1886
- Anagnos, Michael, 1837-1906
- Howe, S. G. (Samuel Gridley), 1801-1876
- Bridgman, Laura Dewey, 1829-1889
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