Material originally in print: 

Works Cited

“100 Years 100 Stories.” 100 Years 100 Stories, 2017,

“1917 Halifax Explosion.” Nova Scotia Archives, Government of Nova Scotia, Canada, 6 Nov. 2015,

Allen, Edward E. “Halifax Disaster Collection : Edward E. Allen and Others .” Internet Archive, Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind, 13 July 2017, Correspondence and related materials between Allen and others regarding the Halifax Disaster.

Allen, Edward E. “The Halifax Disaster of December 6, 1917, In Its Relation to Blindness.” American Association of Instructors of the Blind: Twenty-Fourth Biennial Convention, 1918, pp. 55–58.,

Allen, Katharine Gibbs. Edward Ellis Allen. Priv. Print. at the Riverside Press, 1940.

Beed, Blair. 1917 Halifax Explosion and American Response. Dtours Visitors & Convention Service, 1995.

Carstens, C. C. “From the Ashes of Halifax: The Relief Work for the Blinded, the Maimed and the Orphans.” The Survey, 19 Dec. 1917, pp. 360–361.,

“Dr. Fraser Tells Conditions at Halifax.” The Daily Item, 17 Dec. 1917,

“Edward E. Allen Collection.” Perkins School for the Blind Archives, Perkins School for the Blind, 2013. Finding aid. Summary biography and finding aid for Perkins Archives materials related to Allen.

Fiftieth Annual Report of the Halifax School for the Blind. vol. 50, Halifax School for the Blind, Material related to the disaster p. 10 and pp. 19-20.

Forty-Eighth Annual Report of the Halifax School for the Blind. vol. 48, Halifax School for the Blind, 1918, Date listed as 1918-B in report. Material related to the disaster pp. 5-13 and 38-44.

Forty-Ninth Annual Report of the Halifax School for the Blind. vol. 49, Halifax School for the Blind, 1919, Material related to the disaster on pp. 9-14.

“Halifax Disaster, 1917-1918.” Flickr, Perkins School for the Blind, Collection of clippings related to the relief effort for those blinded by the disastrous explosion of a weapons ship off the coast of Halifax, Nova Scotia on December 6, 1917

“Halifax School for the Blind.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Apr. 2017,

Kitz, Janet F. Shattered City: the Halifax Explosion & the Road to Recovery. Nimbus, 2010.

MacCuspie, P. Ann. “Sir Charles Frederick Fraser Inducted 2016.” Sir Charles Frederick Fraser, American Printing House for the Blind,

MacDonald, Laura. Curse of the Narrows: the Halifax Disaster of 1917. Walker & Co., 2005.

Mcalister, Chryssa N., et al. “The Halifax Explosion of 1917: the Oculist Experience.” Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology / Journal Canadien D’Ophtalmologie, vol. 43, no. 1, 2008, pp. 27–32., doi:10.3129/i07-218,

McNeil, Mary A. E. A. The Blind Knight of Nova Scotia: Sir Frederick Fraser, 1850-1925. The University Press, 1939,

“Municipal Archives.” Halifax Municipal Archives, Halifax Regional Municipality, 13 July 2017,

Nova Scotia Archives, Halifax Relief Commission, W.G. MacLaughlan, accession no. 1976-166 no. 36 / negative: N-2303, 1917 or 1918.

Nova Scotia Archives, Halifax School for the Blind, accession no. 1992-320 no. 16, 1921.

Pearce, Joanna L. ‘Fighting in the Dark’: Charles Frederick Fraser and the Halifax Asylum for the Blind, 1850 – 1915. Dalhousie University, 2011,

“Point of Collision in Halifax Narrows and Devastated Part of the City.” The Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, 11 Dec. 1917,

Ratshesky, Abraham C. Report of the Halifax Relief Expedition, December 6 to 15, 1917. Wright and Potter Printing Co., 1918,

“Report of Halifax School for the Blind.” Outlook for the Blind, XII, no. 1, Apr. 1918, p. 61.,

Tooke, Frederick T. “An Experience through the Halifax Disaster.” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 8, no. 4, Apr. 1918, pp. 308–320.,

Tuttle, Dean, and Naomi Tuttle. “Edward Ellis Allen Inducted 2011.” Edward Ellis Allen, American Printing House for the Blind Hall of Fame,

Walker, Sally M. Blizzard of Glass: The Halifax Disaster of 1917. Square Press, 2011.

Wright, Lucy. “Halifax Experiences, December 21, 1917–January 2, 1918.” Simmons Quarterly, VIII, no. 2, Feb. 1918, pp. 1–8.,