Low Vision

This section offers resources on low vision, including links that explain the examination, low vision assessment, assistive aids and devices, rehabilitation services, and advice for adjusting to vision loss.

Below is a list of topics you'll find in this section. Click on a title to jump to a specific topic:

For suggestions on adapting your home and general tips for living with Low Vision, see the section on Independent Living Skills.

Low Vision: Introduction

CVI, Albinism, and Environmental Adaptations
Perkins eLearning, Perkins School for the Blind
Earn ACVREP credits through this self-directed tutorial, which explores environmental adaptations for low vision and visually processing conditions, including albinism and CVI.

All About Low Vision
Lighthouse International
Describes some of the most common causes of low vision.

Low Vision Information
California Department of Education
Definitions, causes, devices, assessment, and resources on low vision.

Low Vision Library: About Low Vision
Center for the Partially Sighted
Definitions of low and normal vision, causes and symptoms of vision loss, central field loss, multiple field loss, tunnel vision, contrast loss and glare problems.

Low Vision
International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation
Definitions, information on the visual system, causes of visual impairment, overview of low vision devices, and employment considerations.

Low Vision Terms
Information on low vision, visual acuity, legal blindness, light perception, light projection, total blindness, and reading with low vision optical devices.

Specific Eye Conditions with Corresponding Adaptations/Considerations
A table listing eye conditions and their considerations, requirements, and appropriate adaptations.

“Understanding (My) Low Vision”
A Number of Things
Blogger "Erin," of the site A Number of Things shares a thorough, and honest, explanation of her low vision experience, and goes beyond ophthalmic explanations into real day-to-day life with visual impairment.

What is Low Vision?
Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB)
Definitions, causes and diagnoses of low vision; Website available in English and French.

What You Need to Know About Low Vision
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
Low vision terminology, information on environmental influences, demographics, and common causes of low vision.

Low Vision Aids and Devices

Low Vision Devices: An Overview
Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
Description of general, near-, and distance-vision optical devices, nonoptical aids, and instruction in their use.

Magnifiers and Distance Vision Aids
Vision Australia
Fact sheets that describe the uses of various vision aids.

Non-Optical Devices
Low Vision Online
Basic non-optical improvements that can help to make effective use of vision. Includes ideas to ease of reading and writing for a person with low vision.

Optical Devices
Low Vision Online
Reviews magnification methods, magnifying devices and guidelines for training.

Reading with Low Vision Optical Devices
Information on using optical devices when reading.

What Are the Most Common Low Vision Non-Optical Devices?
Descriptions of non-optical devices, such as flexible-arm task lamps, full spectrum light bulbs, closed circuit televisions (CCTVs), and much more.

Low Vision Examination

The Low Vision Exam: What to Expect
Advice for seniors on the low vision examination, low vision aids likely to be prescribed, and services.

Low Vision Rehabilitation Services

The History and Future of Low Vision Services in the United States
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 98(10), 2004
Reviews the history of low vision services in the United States, and speculates about the shape of services in the coming years.

Low Vision Services: An Overview
Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
Explains the services of low vision specialists and the value of the services and devices for children with visual impairments.

On Becoming a Wise Consumer of Low Vision Services
Future Reflections Summer 1992, Vol. 11 No. 3
National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
Explains the offerings of low vision programs and gives pointers on getting the best services for your child.

The Unofficial Guide to Low Vision Services
National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
Large-print information on diabetes and vision loss.

Low Vision: Organizations and Resources to Explore

The Center for the Partially Sighted
Contains links to articles, publications and reports on low vision.

Lea Hyvärinen's Homepage
A low vision teacher shares her slides and teaching materials on vision screening and in occupational health; available in multiple languages.

Low Vision
NERCVE (Northeast Regional Center for Vision Education)
Multimedia presentation on basic eye anatomy; includes links to useful websites.

Low Vision
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Low vision information for consumers; includes photos and images, and links to eye health organizations.

Low Vision
NIH Senior Health
Links to causes of low vision, risk factorsrehabilitation information, frequently asked questions, and MedlinePlus.

The Low Vision Gateway
Resources for vision loss, blindness, low vision aids, and rehabilitation services.

PAVE: Providing Access to the Visual Environment
Provides comprehensive clinical low vision services, optical devices, and instruction to children ages 3-21.

Living with Low Vision

Low Vision: Research

AER Division 7 Newsletter Archive
AER Low Vision Rehabilitation
All of the Division's newsletters from 1990 through today have been archived and are now available for downloading. This archive is not searchable.

The Legibility of Typefaces for Readers with Low Vision: A Research Review
Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 101(7), 2007
A systematic review of research evidence on typeface characteristics and their impact on legibility for adult readers with low vision.