Orientation & Mobility for Children with Multiple Disabilities

These sites are rich in orientation and mobility skills and training tips for parents and instructors working with school-aged children who are blind or visually impaired.

Orientation and Mobility, Chapter 10 from Perkins Activity and Resource Guide, 2nd edition
Perkins School for the Blind

This full-text chapter from the Perkins Activity and Resource Guide provides practical suggestions and activities for teaching orientation and mobility skills to students with multiple disabilities.

For more information about this title, please visit Perkins Publications: Perkins Activity and Resource Guide: A Handbook for Teachers and Parents of Students with Visual and Multiple Disabilities, 2nd edition

Basic Orientation and Mobility for Children with Multiple Disabilities:  A Starting Point
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
This article outlines some of the essential elements of working with children with multiple disabilities, such as communication, safety, independence, and consistency.

Going Beyond the Blue Book
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Melvin Marx modifies applications in Orientation and Mobility Techniques: A Guide for the Practitioner in order to serve his first encounter with a deafblind student.

Importance of Orientation And Mobility Skills For Students Who Are Deaf-Blind
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Educators and authors D. Jay Gense and Marilyn Gense provide educational strategies in this illustrated article that places Orientation & Mobility in context for learners with deafblindness.
This document can also be found in PDF, in English and in Spanish.

MIVI [Multiply Impaired Visually Impaired] O&M Checklist
Council for Exceptional Children, Division on Visual Impairments (CECDVI)
This short checklist from DVI Quarterly was developed by educators "to determine the need for an orientation and mobility evaluation for a student with multiple impairments by a certified O&M specialist."

NCDB Resource page on Orientation and Mobility
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Begin your exploration of orientation and mobility topics for clients with deafblindness on the National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness page, where several resources are listed.

Orientation and Mobility for Children Who are Deafblind
New York State Technical Assistance Project
This detailed fact sheet (PDF format) from the New York State Technical Assistance Project includes strategies for children who are deafblind.

Orientation and Mobility (O&M) for Deaf-Blind People
Dona Sauerburger is an Orientation and Mobility Specialist whose website contains this resource list of handouts and fact sheets.

Orientation and Mobility for Visually Impaired Persons with Multiple Disabilities Including Deaf-Blindness, 12th International Mobility Conference, Hong Kong 2006
This presentation offers basic principles and strategies for providing O&M services to visually impaired people whose additional disabilities include cognitive, hearing, physical or health challenges.

is Deafblind: Assessing Orientation and Mobility Skills
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Traditional Orientation and Mobility assessments for children may not take into account hearing loss and deafness.  Tanni Anthony describes a Transdisciplinary Play-Based model for children who are deafblind which can more thoroughly assess developmental milestones.