The Learning Media Assessment

The Learning Media Assessment identifies the best reading format for a student­--print, braille, audio, objects, or some combination . The links and articles in this section explain how educators make this assessment, an essential early step in formal literacy education.


Assessment That Informs Instruction
Perkins eLearning Webinar
In this 60-minute presentation Frances Mary D'Andrea addresses the importance of monitoring students’ progressive skills as they develop as readers and writers.

Assessment of Learning Media
California School for the Blind (CSB)
CSB's site links to the forms used in assessment of learning media, including functional vision assessment, use of sensory channels, indicators of reading readiness, reading media preference, and functional literacy.

Braille and Visually Impaired Students: What Does the Law Require?  (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)
Colorado Department of Education
Find answers to common questions about the law regarding braille and learning media assessments in this three-page document; included are numerous resources for more information.

Determining the Reading Medium for Students with Visual Impairments
American Federation for the Blind (AFB)
Educators Alan J. Koenig, Mary Jean Sanspree, and M. Cay Holbrook state "the position of DVI regarding the determination of the reading medium for students with visual impairments."

Learning Media Assessment (LMA)
Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
A brief overview of LMA is offered to parents, with related links to alternate media and assessments.

Learning Media Assessment
Paths to Literacy
This section of the Paths to Literacy site includes an overview of the Learning Media Assessment (LMA), Learning Media Assessment Educational Module, guidelines for deciding between print and braille, special considerations if the child has a hearing loss, and sample learning media assessments.