These sites offer advice on courtesy and etiquette when interacting socially or professionally with people who are blind or visually impaired.

Below is a list of topics you'll find in this section. Click on a title to jump to a specific topic:

Healthcare Professionals

Caring for Patients who are Blind or have Low Vision
Vision Australia
Guidelines for making hospital stays as easy and comfortable as possible for patients who are blind or visually impaired.

Guidelines for Medical Professionals
Earle Baum Center of the Blind

Advice for medical staff members providing care to patients who are blind or visually impaired.

Tips for Hospital Staff Members and Caregivers
Blindskills, Inc.
Tips for hospital personnel caring for people who are blind or visually impaired; including suggestions for communication, guiding, and orienting the person to the room.

Social and Professional Settings

Blind Etiquette
In this video, a teen talks about the top etiquette blunders committed by sighted people.

The Encounter
Nebraska Center for the Blind
An amusing animated guide to considerate behavior when meeting a person who is blind. The video is in two parts: Clip 1 and Clip 2

10 Common Courtesies to offer People Who are Blind
BrailleWorks Blog
How to be helpful, without over-helping

American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
Advice for conversing, giving directions, and acting as a sighted guide, as well as guidelines for behaving with tact and consideration, and respecting the independence of a person who is blind.

Meeting a Guide Dog Team: Some Words of Advice
Guide Dogs for the Blind
Following this advice allows the guide dog to do its work safely.

Top 5 Phrases That Bother People Who Are Deaf-Blind
California Deaf-Blind Services (CDBS)
Dismissive phrases that exclude people who are deaf-blind from decisions and interactions.

Communicating Effectively with People who are Blind or Vision Impaired
Vision Australia
Another useful list of daily reminders that you can post and share with others.

When You Meet a Person Who is Blind
Guide Dogs for the Blind
Guidelines for treating people with blindness courteously and considerately.

People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

Ms. Whozit
National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
Ms. Whozit is an advice columnist in the NFB's Braille Monitor. She addresses questions from people with visual impairments on dealing with sighted people who are often thoughtless or rude. At the NFB website, enter "Ms. Whozit" in the search field.