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Education for Students with Blindness or Visual Impairments


Math teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired will find resources and teaching strategies for mathematics and other number concepts in this section.

Instructional Strategies for Math Literacy
Paths to Literacy
The Paths to Literacy Project gathers strategies shared by professionals in the field.  This resource bank is specific to the mathematics curriculum.

Making Math Meaningful
Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired (Canada)
This resource suggests curriculum activities for teaching number line, time, currency, base ten, spatial measurement, and other numeric concepts. Materials available in print and video.

Math: Computerized, Spoken, and Braille, Equal Access to Software and Information
Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI)
These links for teachers whose math students are blind or visually impaired include tips for classroom accommodations, advice for reading math aloud to students, and information about assistive technology.

Mathematics Made Easy For Children with Visual Impairment
A Publication of ON-NET/ICEVI
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI), Overbrook School for the Blind, and The Nippon Foundation collaborated on this teaching methods manual that includes use of the traditional abacus and Nemeth braille code.

Nemeth & Adventitiously Blind High School Students
See/Hear Newsletter (1997) Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired and Department of Assistive and Rehabilitative Services, Division for Blind Services
Questions, answers, and differing opinions about the use of Nemeth Code in math education.

STEM-VI Mathematics Research Laboratory
University of Alabama
Focusing on Education, Research, and Service, the STEM-VI Mathematics Research Laboratory website contains STEM-related resources and important research.

Teaching Nemeth Code
Two articles on principles of teaching Nemeth braille code for mathematics:

TSBVI's Project Math Access is an online handbook covering basic number facts to advanced mathematics, and includes a handbook for spoken mathematics.
Instructor Susan Osterhaus, of TSBVI, shares her outline for teaching Nemeth Code.



APH Mathematics Research Analysis (2005)
American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
The APH report was conducted in 2005-2006 to analyze mathematics research and studies that meet the criteria for evidence-based practice.

Current Research in Math for Visually Impaired Students
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
A landing page of links to current research on the topic of math education and math accessibility.

NCAC Web-Based Resources for Mathematics: Articles Related to Mathematics Education
National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum
An annotated bibliography of Mathematics information on the World Wide Web, compiled and reviewed by the NCAC. This resource is not dated. Some web addresses may have changed.