Because we have a specialized and unique collection, searching the catalog for the Hayes Research Library can sometimes be confusing. We can help you get the most out of your searches:
- Don't search on a full title separated by a colon (:) or using an ampersand (&): Our catalog uses these as control characters. Search only on a smaller part of the title that avoids these characters, or put the title in quotation marks. (Examples in the Search Techniques section below.)
- Can’t find a specific title? Try using a smaller part of the title, and avoid special characters. You may also want to try using the keyword search instead of the title, especially if you are not sure if you're remembering the title correctly.
- Too many results? Try making your search more precise by searching for a precise term, adding terms, limiting by date, or other techniques. The library staff have some additional search tools, so if you need to limit further, please ask and we'd be glad to send you a list of results.
- No results or not as many results as you think we should have? Check to make sure you don’t have older search criteria still selected (like limiting a date, using a keyword, or searching a particular journal). Try a search that uses keywords instead of subject terms.
- Top result suggests a different subject term? Terms used in our field change over time. These entries guide you to the subject heading currently used in our system. For example “Mainstreaming in education” will direct you to “Inclusion in Education”.
Using the Clipboard
The clipboard feature allows you to save items from multiple searches to a single list.
- To save something to the clipboard, select the "Add to clipboard" button to the right of the item. (The button will change to read "Remove item").
- To remove an item, select the "Remove item" button for that title.
- To view all items on your clipboard, use the link just above the search field or results. It will say "You have X items on your clipboard" (the number will change as you add or remove items).
When you view the clipboard, a new browser tab will open. You can use the selection buttons to print items, clear the clipboard, or close the window. You can also quickly remove individual items using the "remove" button. Save or print your clipboard at the end of each search session to avoid losing items.
Search Techniques and Examples:
To do a search that includes control characters:
For example, to search for a book whose title includes an ampersand or colon. Enclose the thing you want to search in quotation marks. Example: "The imprisoned guest : Samuel Howe and Laura Bridgman, the original deaf-blind girl"
To search for part of a word:
Use the asterisk to truncate. Example: To search for the terms tactile, tactual, etc. you can search on tact*
To search for a phrase:
Type an equal sign followed by the phrase you want to search. Example: =perception of color
To search for items that contain both words:
Type the words with an ampersand between them. Items with only one of the words will be ignored. Example: perception & color
To search on either word:
Type the words separated by a slash. This will find items with either word (or both) in the entry. Example: perception / color
To search for one phrase but not another:
Use the exclamation mark. Example: perception of color ! perception of motion
To limit by date:
Use the greater than or less than signs (> or <) with a year, or enter a specific year. Example: > 2010 or < 1900 or 2015. You can search between two dates with the colon. Example: 2000 : 2010
To search for words near each other:
You can use the w or p commands with a number. For example, perception w5 color will search for those two words (perception and color) within 5 words of each other. Perception w7 color would search for those terms within 7 words. You can use the p command to search for words in sequence, so perception p5 color would only find instances where perception comes before color, within five words (but would not find instances where the text said color perception)
Need more help?
If you can’t find what you’re looking for (especially if you think it’s something we should have), please ask. We'd be delighted to help, and we have some additional search tools within the database we can use. Our Library email account is checked twice a day.